FLORA AND FAUNA OF THE RIVER LJUTA
The spring of the River Ljuta is situated at the foot of a mostly rocky hill of some hundred meters in height, and ranks among the most important karst springs. The area around the spring, as well as the upper course of the river, is overgrown with adult forest trees that constitute its natural environment and provide pleasant shade in the summer.
The River Ljuta is the only permanent watercourse in Konavle rich in water which, combined with quality soil, ensures particularly favourable ecological conditions for the survival of plant and animal species which are completely different from the ones that can be found in the immediate karst neighbourhoods.
Once upon time, the biological diversity of the River Ljuta was significantly higher. Due to human activities, the population of certain species considerably decreased while some have totally disappeared. That was the case of the otter, which used to make a solid population in Konavle, but has completely vanished, mostly because of hunting. From 1975, the spring and the course of the River Ljuta have been protected for their exceptionally valuable landscape characteristics.